Executive Modernization Act (2020)

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** TEXT CURRENT AS OF 16TH JUNE 2020**




Executive Modernization Omnibus Act (2020)
An act to modernize, streamline, and re-unify the Executive Branch of the Republic of Europeia

Short Title

ST01.
This act may be cited as the Executive Modernization Act (2020).

Functional Transition

FTR01. The Senate shall, after enactment of these Laws, determine a post-enactment date upon which the President shall be elected. Until said election, the Executive Offices and the Senate shall function in the same manner as prior to the enactment with elections proceeding as scheduled.

FTR02. The initial Presidential election following the enactment of this bill shall be timed to allow sufficient time to stand for election and campaign.

FTR03. The administrators of the next Senate election shall be allowed to shorten the term of the Senate as necessary to establish the mandated election schedule.

FTR04. The High Court and its Justices shall remain in their seats until the end of their current terms. Any Justices nominated by the Chief of State or First Minister shall remain in their seats and act with full authority and privileges.

FTR05. This Act shall repeal itself following the second Presidential election after the enactment of this Act, preserving all other amendments to other acts made herein.

Amendments to the Attorney General Act (2012)

AAG01.
Sections (3) and (4) of the Attorney General Act (2012) shall be replaced with the following:
(3) The President shall nominate an individual to the Office at the commencement of every Presidential term, or if the Office is vacant. Nominees for the Office shall require approval of greater than 2/3rd's of the Senate to take office..

(4) The Office shall be declared vacant if the Attorney General:

a. resigns;
b. is no longer qualified to hold the Office under s7 of this Act;;
c. is impeached by a 2/3 majority vote in the Senate;
d. is removed from the Office by the High Court as a sentence for an offence; or
e. is dismissed by the President.
AAG02. Section (7) of the Attorney General Act (2012) shall be replaced with the following:
(7) The Attorney General may not hold: the Office of the President; or any position in the Judiciary.
AAG03. Section (9) of the Attorney General Act (2012) shall be replaced with the following:
(9) The Attorney General shall be the primary legal adviser to the President and the Cabinet.
Amendments to the Awards and Honours Act (2020)

AAH01.
Sections OT03. and OT04. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
OT03. The President may nominate any citizen for an Ovation. Any such nomination shall require confirmation by the Senate via an absolute majority.

OT04. The President may nominate any citizen for a Triumph. Any such nomination shall require confirmation by the Senate via an absolute majority.
AAH02. Sections OT06. and OT07. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
OT06. Upon conclusion of the ceremony, the President shall convey Honoured Citizen status and the Order of Republica medal upon the recipient of the Ovation.

OT07. Upon conclusion of the ceremony, the President shall convey Honoured Citizen status and the Order of Courage medal upon the recipient of the Triumph.
AAH03. Section HP03. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
HP03. The following shall be the second most senior honorific prefix;
The Right Honourable (abbrev. as The Rt. Hon.)
which may be for the duration of their time in office by:
Supreme Chancellors
Presidents,
Chief Justices,
Speakers of the Senate,
Vice Presidents, or
Vice Chancellors.
AAH04. Section HP05. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
HP05. The following shall be the forth most senior honorific prefix;
The Esteemed (abbrev. as The Est.)
which may be for life by:
Supreme Chancellors,
Presidents,
Chiefs of State,
First Ministers,
Chief Justices, or
Speakers of the Senate.


HP06. The following shall be the fifth most senior honorific prefix;
Their Excellency (abbrev. as Their E.)
which may be used by during their posting to the Republic:
Any accredited foreign diplomat of Ambassador rank or above.
AAH05. Without altering or removing the list of medals provided below it, Section ME01. shall be replaced with the following:
ME01. The following medals may be granted by the President at their discretion:
AAH06. Without altering or removing the list of medals provided below it, Section ME02. shall be replaced with the following:
ME02. The following medals may be granted by the Vice President at their discretion:
AAH07. Sections ME04. and ME05. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
ME04. Ministers of the Cabinet may create medals to be awarded by their office for service to the executive department for which the Minister is responsible.

ME05. Such medals may be revoked by the President at their discretion.
AAH08. Without altering or removing the list of medals provided below it, Section ME06. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
ME06. Medals created by Ministers may be listed in this Act upon application to the Clerk of the Senate and shall be listed here:
Amendments to the Charter of Rights Act (2015)

ACR01.
Section (7) of the Charter of Rights Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(7) Whosoever abuses the freedoms guaranteed herein in order to harm the security of the region may temporarily have their rights restricted by Order of the President of Europeia or by Order of the Office of the Supreme Chancellor. Any restrictions must be limited to those appropriate to protecting regional security. A Judicial Review of the Order shall automatically be conducted by the High Court of Europeia.
Amendments to the Citizenship Act (2019)

ACA01.
Sections (2a) through (2c) shall be replaced with the following:
(2) The President or their designee shall have authority over processing requests for citizenship and diplomatic access.
ACA02. Sections (3) and (4) of the Citizenship Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(3) Upon submission of a citizenship application, an applicant will enter a waiting period of no more than five days and will be placed in a specialized user group during this time. However, the President or a designated deputy may extend this period on determining doing so is in the interest of regional security or to comply with the other provisions of this section. The specialized user group shall allow the applicant to participate in public sections of the forum but exclude the ability to vote in elections; applicants within this group are not citizens. No citizenship application submitted in the period beginning five days before voting is scheduled to open in a Presidential or General Election and ending at the conclusion of that election may be granted until the conclusion of that election.

(4) If, during the time period described in s3 above, the applicant meets the discretionary standards of security checks as defined by the President or their respective designee, and is not denied citizenship under the standards in the below list or by Presidential discretion for a breach of Europeian law, they shall be granted citizenship.
ACA03. Sections (5) and (6) of the Citizenship Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(5) The President, or other designee with responsibility for citizenship applications, must grant a request for citizenship, unless:

(i) The applicant fills out the citizenship application form in a manner that is untrue or incomplete;
(ii) The applicant does not have a nation in Europeia or does not comply with any guidelines set out by the President or their responsible Minister;
(iii) A security reason for denial of citizenship is advised by the Director of the Europeian Intelligence Agency;
(iv) A Europeian court order is in place to the effect that the applicant is not permitted to hold citizenship of Europeia;
(v) The granting of citizenship to the applicant is deemed to pose an unacceptable risk to the well-being of Europeia;
(vi) The granting of citizenship to the applicant would be a violation of Europeian Law; or,
(vii) The President or their designee has insufficient information to perform a reasonable background check.

(6) If a request for citizenship is granted, and subsequently it is discovered that such a request should have been denied for reasons described in items (i), (ii), (iv), (vi) or (vii) in s5 of this act, then the citizenship so granted shall be voidable at the discretion of the President or their responsible Minister within a reasonable period of time after the grounds for denial are discovered.
ACA04. Sections (8) and (9) of the Citizenship Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(8) The President may overrule any decisions taken by their Ministers or other deputies on matters relating to citizenship and diplomatic access.

(9) The President, or other designee with responsibility for citizenship applications, shall announce procedures for how and where a citizen may petition to change their documented nation. An official change will be made once it is approved by the President or other designee with responsibility for citizenship applications.

(i) Petitions to change a documented nation shall only be denied if the new documented nation does not meet the requirements for citizenship.

(ii) These procedures shall be announced publicly near the commencement of each Presidential term by the President or their designee.
ACA05. Section (10) of the Citizenship Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(10) The President or their designee shall have the authority to review the citizenship status of citizens.
(a) As the result of a review, citizenship shall be revoked for any citizens who are discovered to have not logged in and posted to the Europeian forum for 30 or more days, as well as citizens whose documented nation does not reside in Europeia. A "post" shall be defined as "any piece of content that registers under the Postings tab of a member's profile on the Europeian forum".
(b) Any review shall encompass the entire Citizenry.
(c) A review must be done at least once every 70 days.
(d) The Citizenry shall be notified of an impending review at least 24 hours and no more than 72 hours prior to the start of the review.
Amendments to the Commutations Act (2016)

AMC01.
Sections (2) through (5) of the Commutations Act (2016) shall be replaced with the following:
(2) The President may publicly commute as much of a criminal sentence as they consider unjust or unwise by partially or fully reducing its burdens and restrictions, shortening its length, or both.

(3) The Senate may veto any commutation issued by the President before it takes effect.

(4) Commutations issued by the President take effect forty-eight hours after they are announced, unless the Senate has initiated veto proceedings, in which case they will take effect immediately if the Senate decides to not veto.

(5) The President may not commute any sentence that has already had a commutation vetoed by the Senate without the permission of the Speaker of the Senate or until after a General Election has intervened.
Amendments to the Holiday Act (2015)

AMH01.
Sections (4) and (5) shall be replaced with the following:
(4) The President or the Senate assembled may declare holidays in recognition of significant events or individuals at their discretion.
Amendments to the Constitutional Convention Act (2018)

ACC01.
Section (2) of the Constitutional Convention Act (2018) shall be replaced with the following:
(2) A Constitutional Convention may be convened by a majority vote of the Senate, with the President assenting. Without the President's assent, a 2/3 supermajority shall be required to convene a Convention.
Amendments to the Embassy Act (2019)

AMM01.
Sections (4) and (5) of the Embassy Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(4) An off-site forum may be created on the Europeian forums upon the formal request of a foreign representative of the government of the community making the request. The President or their appointed deputy shall have discretion to accept or deny such a request for any reason as well as to determine the process for application. The President or their appointed deputy shall be responsible for the construction of the off-site embassy upon acceptance of a request.


(5) Any off-site embassy in Europeia may be removed by the authority of the President for any reason.
AMM02. Sections (6) and (7) of the Embassy Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(6) An on-site embassy may be created on the NationStates page of Europeia only with a community possessing off-site embassies both with and of Europeia. The President shall have the authority to order the construction of an on-site embassy, though the Senate may, when the people's interests demand it, overrule the establishment or order the closure.


(7) The President shall have the authority to order the removal of an on-site embassy, though the Senate may, when the people's interests demand it, overrule the closure to maintain the on-site embassy.
Amendments to the Information Act (2019)

AIA01.
Section (12a) of the Information Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(12a) The President shall nominate a citizen to be the Director of the Europeian Intelligence Agency, who must be confirmed by the Senate with a greater than 2/3rd's majority in order to take office. Once confirmed by the Senate, the Director shall serve indefinitely at the pleasure of the President, but shall require reconfirmation by the Senate after every 180 days in Office.
AIA02. Sections (14) and (15) of the Information Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(14) The Director shall be required to immediately report upon discovery any information that threatens the safety of Europeia, or Europeia's treatied allies, to the President.

(15) If a foreign person obtains and spreads secret information or top secret information from the Europeian Intelligence Agency without the Director's authorization, they may be declared persona non grata by the Director. Any future citizenship applications will be denied unless their persona non grata status is lifted by the Director or the President.
Repeal and Replace of the Line of Succession Act (2019)

RRL01.
The Line of Succession Act (2019) is repealed in its entirety.

RRL02. The Line of Succession Act (2020) is hereby enacted:
Line of Succession Act (2020)
An Act to provide for a concurrent vacancy in the offices of the President and Vice President.

Short Title

ST01. This act may be cited as the Line of Succession Act (2020).

Announcement
AN01. The President shall announce a Line of Succession to their office. Only eligible officers may be included in the Line of Succession.

AN02. Eligible officers, for the purpose of this Act, are citizens holding Senate-confirmed offices on the President's Cabinet. If an individual on the line of succession ceases to be an eligible officer, they are automatically removed from the Line of Succession.

AN03. The President is responsible to announce their Line of Succession within ten days of assuming office. The President's line of succession expires at the end of each term.

AN04. The President may announce changes to their Line of Succession at any time.

Senate Veto
SV01. The Senate may veto any announced Line of Succession or changes to an existing Line of Succession.

SV02. (1) Announcements of a Line of Succession or changes to an existing Line of Succession shall take effect forty-eight hours after they are announced, unless the Senate has initiated veto proceedings, in which case they will take effect immediately if the Senate decides to not veto, or not take effect upon successful veto.

SV02. (2) If the Senate vetoes a Line of Succession, and no Line of Succession is in place, the President is responsible to announce an adjusted Line of Succession as soon as reasonably possible.

Activation
AC01. In the event that the offices of President and Vice President are both vacant, the first officer in the Line of Succession will assume the office of the President.

AC02. If that officer is unwilling or unable to assume the office, the office will devolve to the next officer in the Line of Succession.

Failure of Succession
FS01. Where the offices of President and Vice President are both vacant; and there is no extant confirmed Line of Succession, or the confirmed Line of Succession has been exhausted; and elections have not already been called for the end of the term; the responsible official shall call elections for the office.

FS02. In this event, for the remainder of the term, the Office of the Supreme Chancellor shall appoint a qualified individual to assume the office in an acting capacity.
Amendments to the World Assembly Act (2017)

AWA01.
Sections (2) and (2a) of the World Assembly Act (2017) shall be replaced with the following:

(2) The President shall nominate an individual to the Office of the World Assembly Delegate whenever that office is vacant. Nominees under this section shall require Senate confirmation with a greater than 2/3rd's majority in order to take office.

(2a) Once confirmed by the Senate, the World Assembly Delegate shall serve indefinitely, subject to Senate reconfirmation every 180 days on the motion of the President. The President may choose to nominate another individual to the office instead of seeking reconfirmation of the incumbent World Assembly Delegate, upon which the previous World Assembly Delegate shall cease to be in office.
AWA02. Section (4) of the World Assembly Act (2017) shall be replaced with the following:

(4) The Office of the World Assembly Delegate shall be declared vacant if any of the following occurs:

1. The incumbent resigns.
2. The incumbent is not a citizen.
3. The designated Delegate Nation of the incumbent does not reside in Europeia.
4. The designated Delegate Nation of the incumbent is not a member of the World Assembly.
5. The incumbent has been inactive in completing their duties as World Assembly Delegate for a period of time longer than 14 days, without lodging a formal leave of absence.
6. The incumbent is removed from office by a request to such effect that is initiated by the President or a Senator and achieves two-thirds absolute majority support in the Senate.
7. The Senate declines to reconfirm the incumbent delegate.
AWA03. Section (7) of the World Assembly Act (2017) shall be replaced with the following:

(7) The Office of the Deputy Delegate shall be deemed vacant if any of the following occurs:
1. The incumbent resigns.
2. The incumbent is not a citizen.
3. The designated Deputy Delegate Nation of the incumbent does not reside in Europeia.
4. The designated Deputy Delegate Nation of the incumbent is not a member of the World Assembly.
5. The incumbent is removed from office by either the World Assembly Delegate or the President.
AWA04. Sections (11) through (13) of the World Assembly Act (2017) shall be replaced with the following:

(11) The President and their deputies shall be responsible for the formulation and execution of policies relating to World Assembly affairs, included but not limited to compilation and distribution of information, development of educational material, organization and training of personnel, and diplomatic obligations.

(12) The World Assembly Delegate shall exercise the Designated Nation’s vote on World Assembly resolutions to reflect the directive of the President or a designated deputy, or if there is no such directive, to reflect the views of the Europeian citizenry as made known to the Delegate.

(13) Should anyone other than the Deputy Delegate or Delegate hold the gameside Delegate Nation, they are required to: (a) not exercise the Delegate Nation's vote on World Assembly resolutions in contradiction to the provisions of this Act for the World Assembly Delegate, and (b) not exercise any gameside powers other than voting on resolutions that are specific to the Delegate Nation except as directed by the President or a Supreme Chancellor.
Repeal and Replace of the Diplomatic Immunity Act (2017)

RRD01.
The Diplomatic Immunity Act (2017) is repealed in its entirety:

RRD02. The following is enacted:
Diplomatic Immunity Act (2020)
An Act to detail the protections and procedures related to foreign nationals and related provisions.

Short Title

ST01. This Act may be cited as the Diplomatic Immunity Act (2020).

Diplomatic Immunity
DI01. No dignitary who is present in Europeia to represent a foreign government shall be detained, subpoenaed as a witness, or prosecuted while they are in Europeia.

DI02. The President may extend Diplomatic Immunity to any person in Europeia on diplomatic affairs.

Declaration of Persona Non Grata
DP01. Any foreign national may be declared persona non grata by the President.

DP02. Foreign nationals who have been declared personae non gratae shall be removed from all areas of Europeia, have their diplomatic masking revoked, and not be permitted to re-enter Europeia, excepting those areas needed to redress their status.

DP03. Declarations of persona non grata may be reviewed or rescinded by the President.

Exception for Citizens
EC01. Citizens only enjoy diplomatic immunity for actions taken representing the foreign government. Should it be unclear whether an action was taken thusly it shall be assumed that the Citizen did not act as such.

EC02. Citizens may not be declared persona non grata, however, the President may revoke a citizen's diplomatic status through a public declaration.
Amendments to the Executive Order Protocol Act (2020)

AEO01.
Section VEO04. of the Executive Order Protocol Act shall be replaced with the following:
VEO04. No Executive Order may concern a subject matter for which an Executive Order by the same ordering President has been vetoed unless specifically allowed for in the vetoing motion by the Senate.
Amendments to the Referenda Act (2015)

ARA01.
Section (8) of the Referenda Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(8) The amount of support necessary for a petition to trigger a referendum is calculated through the last Presidential election before the petition was presented.
Amendments to the Organisations Act (2017)

AOA01.
Section NO 03. of the Organisations Act (2017) shall be replaced with the following:
NO 03. In order to receive the legal benefits of a News Organisation it must be registered with the President or a their designee.
Amendments to the Senate Protocol Act (2015)

ASP01.
Section (3) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(3) On submission of a request to ratify a Presidential decision to enter, leave, or amend an interregional agreement, a First Reading shall commence.
ASP02. Section (8) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(8) In circumstances where the President deems that an urgent decision is required with regards to leaving an alliance, treaty or other interregional agreement, such a proposal shall be immediately considered with no time constraints.
ASP03. Section (14) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(14) Bills in the Voting Period may be forwarded to the President for a signature or veto as soon as a definite outcome is achieved.
ASP04. Section (25) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(25) Should no Candidate receive the amount of votes required to assume the Office of the Speaker, a further Nomination Period shall be initiated for a minimum of 24 hours. Following the additional Nomination Period another vote shall commence in which every sitting Senator may again vote for their preferred Candidate. Should no candidate receive the required majority to assume the Office of the Speaker on the second ballot the President shall have one vote.
ASP05. Section (31) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(31) The Speaker of the Senate shall be required to forward any Senate legislation that passes to the President for signature, veto, or reservation for referendum.
ASP06. Sections (44) and (45) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(44) General permission to speak in the main Senate forum shall be restricted to only those individuals listed below.

a. current Senators;
b. the President;
c. the Supreme Chancellors.

(45) Invitations may be issued to permit additional individuals to speak in the main Senate forum; however, such invitations shall be subject to revocation by the Speaker of the Senate, at their discretion, and speaking privileges granted thereof shall be limited to the specific matters pertaining to the invitation.

a. The primary author of legislation that has been presented to the Senate via a formal Petition by the People shall have a standing invitation to speak in the Senate when discussing that legislation;
b. Cabinet members shall have a standing invitation to speak in the Senate when discussing matters concerning their position;
c. the Vice President shall have a standing invitation to speak in the Senate when discussing matters concerning their position or concerning a Cabinet matter.
d. The World Assembly Delegate shall have a standing invitation to speak in the Senate when discussing matters concerning the World Assembly and Europeia's representation therein; and
e. Individual Senators shall be permitted to invite additional individuals to speak in the main Senate forum at their discretion.
Amendments to the Emergency Powers Act (2014)

AEP01.
Section (2) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(2) For the purposes of this Act, the following definitions shall apply:

a. Inactivity shall be defined as not logging into the forum of Europeia for a period of ten or more days.

b. Executive shall be defined as the President and the Cabinet.
AEP02. Section (7) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(7) Upon cessation of a regional emergency for inactivity, all laws in effect prior to the regional emergency shall resume in effect, and Presidential and Senate by-elections shall be held.
AEP03. Section (8) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(8) Should the forum be destroyed, damaged beyond utility, or rendered inaccessible, the President shall be empowered to declare a regional emergency for forum inaccessibility on the Regional Message Board of Europeia.
AEP04. Section (10) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(10) The President shall provide for continued regional governance through the Regional Message Board or, should restoration of permanent forum accessibility exceed a 48 hour period, by creating a temporary forum at their discretion.
AEP05. Section (13) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(13) Should the Attorney General and the High Court have reasonable suspicion that a Supreme Chancellor is complicit in a malicious action that rendered the forum inaccessible, responsibility for restoration of permanent forum accessibility shall fall to any remaining Supreme Chancellor who is not reasonably suspected of such complicity by the Attorney General and the High Court, or to the President in the absence of any remaining Supreme Chancellor.
AEP06. Section (14) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(14) Should the Attorney General and the High Court have reasonable suspicion that the President is complicit in a malicious action that rendered the forum inaccessible, the next official in the Line of Succession who is not reasonably suspected of such complicity by the Attorney General and the High Court shall be vested with the powers granted to the President by this Act for a regional emergency for forum inaccessibility.
Amendments to the Elections Act (2015)

AEA01.
Section (10) of the Elections Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(10) (a) General Elections shall occur approximately seventy days after the conclusion of the preceding General Election.

(b) Presidential elections shall occur approximately thirty-five days after the conclusion of the most recent General Election.

(c) In the case of a Presidential or whole Senate recall and extraordinary election, the subsequently elected President or Senate shall serve until the next Presidential or General election, respectively.
AEA02. Section (11) of the Elections Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(11) Standing periods for Presidential Elections shall be opened between eight and twelve days prior to the scheduled end of the current Presidential term, and shall be no longer than twelve days in length.
AEA03. Section (14) of the Elections Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(14) Voting for Presidential Elections, General Elections, and By-Elections shall occur immediately following the closure of the relevant standing period, and shall last for twenty-four hours. Administration of voting periods shall adhere to this timing within practical reason but must not allow a period less than twenty-four hours.
AEA04. Section (17) (f) of the Elections Act (2015) shall be repealed.

AEA05. Section (19) (C) of the Elections Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(C) If any seats remain unfilled, standing shall reopen and a Presidential or By-Election shall be held for the remaining seats.
Amendments to the Judicature Act (2020)

AJA01.
Section CO5. of the Judicature Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
CO5. The Chief Justice may ask for a temporary Justice to be appointed for a specific trial. The temporary Justice must be nominated by the President and confirmed by a greater than 2/3rd's majority of the Senate.
AJA02. Section GM02. of the Judicature Act (2020) shall be repealed.

AJA03. Section GM03. of the Judicature Act (2020) shall be renamed GM02.

Amendments to Constitution VI (2019)

ACO01.
The sections titled "THE CHIEF OF STATE" and "THE FIRST MINISTER" shall be replaced with the following:
THE PRESIDENT
Establishes the Offices of the President and Vice President

EA2. (1) To ensure the practicality of government, there shall be a President of Europeia, elected together on the same ticket with the Vice President directly by the people, to execute the Government on the People's behalf until expiration of a term of not more than 70 days, or until a successor is duly elected, whichever occurs later, or until their earlier resignation or removal.

Vice President succeeds in the absence of the President

EA2. (2) In the case of the absence or other inability of the incumbent to discharge the Office of the President, the Vice President shall act as President until such time as this circumstance is lifted. The exact procedure and means of when the Vice President may assume this acting role may be prescribed by law.

EA2. (3) In the case of the vacancy of the Office of the President for reasons other than expiration of term, the Office of the President shall devolve upon the Vice President, who shall serve as President for the remainder of the term. The People may by law provide for the case of the concurrent vacancy of both the Office of the President and Office of the Vice President for reasons other than expiration of term, declaring what Officer shall assume the Office of the President and hold the People's mandate until the next election for President.

Vacancy of the Vice President

EA2. (4) In the case of the vacancy of the Office of the Vice President for reasons other than expiration of term, the President shall nominate a successor who shall take Office upon the approval of of the Senate with a greater than 2/3rd's majority.

Removal of the President

EA2. (5) It shall be lawful for the People to reserve for referendum the question of confidence in the President to execute Government on the People's behalf by presenting a petition with the support of a number of citizens of Europeia numbering no less than a fifth the number of votes in the last Presidential election rounded down to the nearest integer. If such a referendum shows a majority of the People do not have confidence in the President; the President, Vice President, and the Cabinet shall be dismissed, and a new President shall be elected directly by the people.
AC002. The section titled "THE GOVERNMENT" in Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
THE GOVERNMENT
Appointment of Executive Deputies

EA3. (1) It shall be lawful for the President, with due discretion, to appoint any person or persons to be their deputy or deputies, and in that capacity to exercise during their pleasure such powers, authorities and functions as they deem it necessary or expedient to delegate to them, subject to any limitations expressed by law; but the appointment of such a deputy or deputies shall not affect the exercise by the principal holder of any power, function or authority.

Structure of the Cabinet

EA3. (2) In the execution of Government on the People's behalf, the President shall have specific authority and responsibility to appoint citizens as Ministers to a Cabinet and to oversee that Cabinet such as to maintain the effective function of Government. The People may by law provide further requirements and structure for the Cabinet.

EA3. (3) Upon assuming office, the elected Vice President must be nominated to serve in the Cabinet. If confirmation is rejected by the Senate, the requirement that the Vice President serve as a Minister shall be waived.

EA3. (4) Following the conclusion of the Presidential election, the President and Vice President, in agreement, shall declare portfolios of management, containing sets of ministries that each shall be responsible for overseeing during the term. Notwithstanding the portfolios of management declared, the President shall maintain ultimate authority over all ministries.

Commander-in-Chief of the Navy

EA4. The Commander-in-Chief of the Europeian Republican Navy, and any other military force which may be established by the Government of Europeia, is hereby declared to be vested in the Office of the President.
ACO03: Section EA7. (1) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
EA7. (1) It shall be lawful for the People to reserve for referendum the question of confidence in an incumbent to execute the Office of the Supreme Chancellor, by presenting a petition with the support of a number of citizens of Europeia numbering no less than a third the number of votes in the last Presidential election rounded down to the nearest integer. Such a referendum must receive a 4/5 supermajority to force removal.
ACO04: Section LA2. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA2. The President is not permitted to sit or vote as a member of the Senate.
ACO05: Section LA3. (1) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA3. (1) The Senate shall be elected in general elections every 70 days. Specifics and procedures shall be established in a separate Act.
ACO06: Section LA7. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA7. In order for any appointed person or persons to serve on the Cabinet or High Court of Europeia, the approval of the Senate with a greater than 2/3rd's majority is required.
ACO07: Section LA9. (1) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA9. (1) The Senate shall have power to remove from office the President, Vice President, or any of their appointed deputies by a resolution to such effect achieving two-thirds absolute majority support.
ACO08: Section LA10. (2) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA10. (2) It shall be lawful for the People to reserve for referendum the question of the recall of one or more elected Senators, or the dissolution of the Senate and requirement that a new Senate be elected, by presenting a petition with the support of a number of citizens of Europeia numbering no less than a fifth the number of votes in the last Presidential election rounded down to the nearest integer.
ACO09: Section LA13. (1) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA13. (1) The President may enact such Executive Orders bearing the force of law as are necessary for the peace, order and good government of Europeia.
ACO10: Section LA14. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA14. (1) Where a bill passed by the Senate is presented to the President for the People's Assent, they shall declare, according to their discretion, either that they assent thereto, or that they withhold the People's Assent, or that they reserve the bill for the signification of the People's Assent in the form of referendum.

LA14. (2) It shall be lawful for the People to reserve their Assent by referendum on any bill having passed the Senate by presenting a petition to the President, within 7 days of having passed the Senate, with the support of a number of citizens of Europeia numbering no less than a fifth the number of votes in the last Presidential election rounded down to the nearest integer.

LA14. (3) Where the President has withheld the People's Assent to a bill, the Speaker of the Senate may, within 14 days, put the question of the People's Assent for that bill to the People through a referendum.
ACO11: Section LA15. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA15. Any bill passed by the Senate to which the President has not explicitly assented, withheld their assent, or reserved for the signification of the People's pleasure within seven days shall be enacted in the same manner as if the President had explicitly assented to it.
ACO12: Section JA1. (2) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
JA1. (2) Neither the President nor the Vice President are permitted to sit in any capacity on the High Court of Europeia.
ACO13: Section JA3. (1) and JA3. (2) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
JA3. (1) There shall be four Justices appointed by the President to serve on the High Court, who shall hold office in good behaviour for a term not exceeding one hundred and twenty days.
ACO14: Sections JA3. (3) and JA3. (4) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
JA3. (2) When a vacancy arises in the High Court, the President shall nominate a citizen to serve in the relevant position, who must be approved by the Senate in order to serve as a Justice.
ACO15: Section SA1. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
SA1. The Constitutional Documents of Europeia shall be composed of this Act and any other Act so declared by a two-thirds absolute majority of the Senate and given the assent of the President on the People's behalf.
ACO16: Section SA4. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
SA4. Amendments to the Constitutional Documents of Europeia may only be passed with a two-thirds absolute majority of the Senate and the assent of the President on behalf of the people.
ACO17: Section SA5. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
SA5. It shall be lawful for the President to reserve the amendment for the signification of the People's Assent in the form of referendum. In order for the Amendment to pass the referendum, it must achieve greater than 3/5th's support.

SA6. It shall be lawful for the People to reserve their Assent by referendum on any constitutional amendment having passed the Senate by presenting a petition to the President, within 14 days of having passed the Senate, with the support of a number of citizens of Europeia numbering no less than a fifth the number of votes in the last Presidential election rounded down to the nearest integer. In order for the amendment to pass the referendum, it must receive greater than 3/5th's support.
 
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Text With Amendments



Executive Modernization Omnibus Act (2020)
An act to modernize, streamline, and re-unify the Executive Branch of the Republic of Europeia

Short Title

ST01.
This act may be cited as the Executive Modernization Act (2020).

Functional Transition

[FTR01.
The Senate shall, after enactment of these Laws, determine a post-enactment date upon which the President shall be elected. Until said election, the Executive Offices and the Senate shall function in the same manner as prior to the enactment with elections proceeding as scheduled.]2

FTR02.
The initial Presidential election following the enactment of this bill shall be timed to allow sufficient time to stand for election and campaign.

FTR03. The administrators of the next Senate election shall be allowed to shorten the term of the Senate as necessary to establish the mandated election schedule.

FTR04. The High Court and its Justices shall remain in their seats until the end of their current terms. Any Justices nominated by the Chief of State or First Minister shall remain in their seats and act with full authority and privileges.

[FTR05. This Act shall repeal itself following the second Presidential election after the enactment of this Act, preserving all other amendments to other acts made herein.]1

Amendments to the Attorney General Act (2012)

AAG01.
Sections (3) and (4) of the Attorney General Act (2012) shall be replaced with the following:
(3) The President shall nominate an individual to the Office at the commencement of every Presidential term, or if the Office is vacant. Nominees for the Office shall require approval of greater than 2/3rd's of the Senate to take office..

(4) The Office shall be declared vacant if the Attorney General:

a. resigns;
b. is no longer qualified to hold the Office under s7 of this Act;;
c. is impeached by a 2/3 majority vote in the Senate;
d. is removed from the Office by the High Court as a sentence for an offence; or
e. is dismissed by the President.
AAG02. Section (7) of the Attorney General Act (2012) shall be replaced with the following:
(7) The Attorney General may not hold: the Office of the President; or any position in the Judiciary.
AAG03. Section (9) of the Attorney General Act (2012) shall be replaced with the following:
(9) The Attorney General shall be the primary legal adviser to the President and the Cabinet.
Amendments to the Awards and Honours Act (2020)

AAH01.
Sections OT03. and OT04. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
OT03. The President may nominate any citizen for an Ovation. Any such nomination shall require confirmation by the Senate via an absolute majority.

OT04. The President may nominate any citizen for a Triumph. Any such nomination shall require confirmation by the Senate via an absolute majority.
AAH02. Sections OT06. and OT07. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
OT06. Upon conclusion of the ceremony, the President shall convey Honoured Citizen status and the Order of Republica medal upon the recipient of the Ovation.

OT07. Upon conclusion of the ceremony, the President shall convey Honoured Citizen status and the Order of Courage medal upon the recipient of the Triumph.
AAH03. Section HP03. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
HP03. The following shall be the second most senior honorific prefix;
The Right Honourable (abbrev. as The Rt. Hon.)
which may be for the duration of their time in office by:
Supreme Chancellors
Presidents,
Chief Justices,
Speakers of the Senate,
Vice Presidents, or
Vice Chancellors.
AAH04. Section HP05. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
HP05. The following shall be the forth most senior honorific prefix;
The Esteemed (abbrev. as The Est.)
which may be for life by:
Supreme Chancellors,
Presidents,
Chiefs of State,
First Ministers,
Chief Justices, or
Speakers of the Senate.


HP06. The following shall be the fifth most senior honorific prefix;
Their Excellency (abbrev. as Their E.)
which may be used by during their posting to the Republic:
Any accredited foreign diplomat of Ambassador rank or above.
AAH05. Without altering or removing the list of medals provided below it, Section ME01. shall be replaced with the following:
ME01. The following medals may be granted by the President at their discretion:
AAH06. Without altering or removing the list of medals provided below it, Section ME02. shall be replaced with the following:
ME02. The following medals may be granted by the Vice President at their discretion:
AAH07. Sections ME04. and ME05. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
ME04. Ministers of the Cabinet may create medals to be awarded by their office for service to the executive department for which the Minister is responsible.

ME05. Such medals may be revoked by the President at their discretion.
AAH08. Without altering or removing the list of medals provided below it, Section ME06. of the Awards and Honours Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
ME06. Medals created by Ministers may be listed in this Act upon application to the Clerk of the Senate and shall be listed here:
Amendments to the Charter of Rights Act (2015)

ACR01.
Section (7) of the Charter of Rights Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(7) Whosoever abuses the freedoms guaranteed herein in order to harm the security of the region may temporarily have their rights restricted by Order of the President of Europeia or by Order of the Office of the Supreme Chancellor. Any restrictions must be limited to those appropriate to protecting regional security. A Judicial Review of the Order shall automatically be conducted by the High Court of Europeia.
Amendments to the Citizenship Act (2019)

ACA01.
Sections (2a) through (2c) shall be replaced with the following:
(2) The President or their designee shall have authority over processing requests for citizenship and diplomatic access.
ACA02. Sections (3) and (4) of the Citizenship Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(3) Upon submission of a citizenship application, an applicant will enter a waiting period of no more than five days and will be placed in a specialized user group during this time. However, the President or a designated deputy may extend this period on determining doing so is in the interest of regional security or to comply with the other provisions of this section. The specialized user group shall allow the applicant to participate in public sections of the forum but exclude the ability to vote in elections; applicants within this group are not citizens. No citizenship application submitted in the period beginning five days before voting is scheduled to open in a Presidential or General Election and ending at the conclusion of that election may be granted until the conclusion of that election.

(4) If, during the time period described in s3 above, the applicant meets the discretionary standards of security checks as defined by the President or their respective designee, and is not denied citizenship under the standards in the below list or by Presidential discretion for a breach of Europeian law, they shall be granted citizenship.
ACA03. Sections (5) and (6) of the Citizenship Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(5) The President, or other designee with responsibility for citizenship applications, must grant a request for citizenship, unless:

(i) The applicant fills out the citizenship application form in a manner that is untrue or incomplete;
(ii) The applicant does not have a nation in Europeia or does not comply with any guidelines set out by the President or their responsible Minister;
(iii) A security reason for denial of citizenship is advised by the Director of the Europeian Intelligence Agency;
(iv) A Europeian court order is in place to the effect that the applicant is not permitted to hold citizenship of Europeia;
(v) The granting of citizenship to the applicant is deemed to pose an unacceptable risk to the well-being of Europeia;
(vi) The granting of citizenship to the applicant would be a violation of Europeian Law; or,
(vii) The President or their designee has insufficient information to perform a reasonable background check.

(6) If a request for citizenship is granted, and subsequently it is discovered that such a request should have been denied for reasons described in items (i), (ii), (iv), (vi) or (vii) in s5 of this act, then the citizenship so granted shall be voidable at the discretion of the President or their responsible Minister within a reasonable period of time after the grounds for denial are discovered.
ACA04. Sections (8) and (9) of the Citizenship Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(8) The President may overrule any decisions taken by their Ministers or other deputies on matters relating to citizenship and diplomatic access.

(9) The President, or other designee with responsibility for citizenship applications, shall announce procedures for how and where a citizen may petition to change their documented nation. An official change will be made once it is approved by the President or other designee with responsibility for citizenship applications.

(i) Petitions to change a documented nation shall only be denied if the new documented nation does not meet the requirements for citizenship.

(ii) These procedures shall be announced publicly near the commencement of each Presidential term by the President or their designee.
ACA05. Section (10) of the Citizenship Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(10) The President or their designee shall have the authority to review the citizenship status of citizens.
(a) As the result of a review, citizenship shall be revoked for any citizens who are discovered to have not logged in and posted to the Europeian forum for 30 or more days, as well as citizens whose documented nation does not reside in Europeia. A "post" shall be defined as "any piece of content that registers under the Postings tab of a member's profile on the Europeian forum".
(b) Any review shall encompass the entire Citizenry.
(c) A review must be done at least once every 70 days.
(d) The Citizenry shall be notified of an impending review at least 24 hours and no more than 72 hours prior to the start of the review.
Amendments to the Commutations Act (2016)

AMC01.
Sections (2) through (5) of the Commutations Act (2016) shall be replaced with the following:
(2) The President may publicly commute as much of a criminal sentence as they consider unjust or unwise by partially or fully reducing its burdens and restrictions, shortening its length, or both.

(3) The Senate may veto any commutation issued by the President before it takes effect.

(4) Commutations issued by the President take effect forty-eight hours after they are announced, unless the Senate has initiated veto proceedings, in which case they will take effect immediately if the Senate decides to not veto.

(5) The President may not commute any sentence that has already had a commutation vetoed by the Senate without the permission of the Speaker of the Senate or until after a General Election has intervened.
Amendments to the Holiday Act (2015)

AMH01.
Sections (4) and (5) shall be replaced with the following:
(4) The President or the Senate assembled may declare holidays in recognition of significant events or individuals at their discretion.
Amendments to the Constitutional Convention Act (2018)

ACC01.
Section (2) of the Constitutional Convention Act (2018) shall be replaced with the following:
(2) A Constitutional Convention may be convened by a majority vote of the Senate, with the President assenting. Without the President's assent, a 2/3 supermajority shall be required to convene a Convention.
Amendments to the Embassy Act (2019)

AMM01.
Sections (4) and (5) of the Embassy Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(4) An off-site forum may be created on the Europeian forums upon the formal request of a foreign representative of the government of the community making the request. The President or their appointed deputy shall have discretion to accept or deny such a request for any reason as well as to determine the process for application. The President or their appointed deputy shall be responsible for the construction of the off-site embassy upon acceptance of a request.


(5) Any off-site embassy in Europeia may be removed by the authority of the President for any reason.
AMM02. Sections (6) and (7) of the Embassy Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(6) An on-site embassy may be created on the NationStates page of Europeia only with a community possessing off-site embassies both with and of Europeia. The President shall have the authority to order the construction of an on-site embassy, though the Senate may, when the people's interests demand it, overrule the establishment or order the closure.


(7) The President shall have the authority to order the removal of an on-site embassy, though the Senate may, when the people's interests demand it, overrule the closure to maintain the on-site embassy.
Amendments to the Information Act (2019)

AIA01.
Section (12a) of the Information Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(12a) The President shall nominate a citizen to be the Director of the Europeian Intelligence Agency, who must be confirmed by the Senate with a greater than 2/3rd's majority in order to take office. Once confirmed by the Senate, the Director shall serve indefinitely at the pleasure of the President, but shall require reconfirmation by the Senate after every 180 days in Office.
AIA02. Sections (14) and (15) of the Information Act (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
(14) The Director shall be required to immediately report upon discovery any information that threatens the safety of Europeia, or Europeia's treatied allies, to the President.

(15) If a foreign person obtains and spreads secret information or top secret information from the Europeian Intelligence Agency without the Director's authorization, they may be declared persona non grata by the Director. Any future citizenship applications will be denied unless their persona non grata status is lifted by the Director or the President.
Repeal and Replace of the Line of Succession Act (2019)

RRL01.
The Line of Succession Act (2019) is repealed in its entirety.

RRL02. The Line of Succession Act (2020) is hereby enacted:
Line of Succession Act (2020)
An Act to provide for a concurrent vacancy in the offices of the President and Vice President.

Short Title

ST01. This act may be cited as the Line of Succession Act (2020).

Announcement
AN01. The President shall announce a Line of Succession to their office. Only eligible officers may be included in the Line of Succession.

AN02. Eligible officers, for the purpose of this Act, are citizens holding Senate-confirmed offices on the President's Cabinet. If an individual on the line of succession ceases to be an eligible officer, they are automatically removed from the Line of Succession.

AN03. The President is responsible to announce their Line of Succession within ten days of assuming office. The President's line of succession expires at the end of each term.

AN04. The President may announce changes to their Line of Succession at any time.

Senate Veto
SV01. The Senate may veto any announced Line of Succession or changes to an existing Line of Succession.

SV02. (1) Announcements of a Line of Succession or changes to an existing Line of Succession shall take effect forty-eight hours after they are announced, unless the Senate has initiated veto proceedings, in which case they will take effect immediately if the Senate decides to not veto, or not take effect upon successful veto.

SV02. (2) If the Senate vetoes a Line of Succession, and no Line of Succession is in place, the President is responsible to announce an adjusted Line of Succession as soon as reasonably possible.

Activation
AC01. In the event that the offices of President and Vice President are both vacant, the first officer in the Line of Succession will assume the office of the President.

AC02. If that officer is unwilling or unable to assume the office, the office will devolve to the next officer in the Line of Succession.

Failure of Succession
FS01. Where the offices of President and Vice President are both vacant; and there is no extant confirmed Line of Succession, or the confirmed Line of Succession has been exhausted; and elections have not already been called for the end of the term; the responsible official shall call elections for the office.

FS02. In this event, for the remainder of the term, the Office of the Supreme Chancellor shall appoint a qualified individual to assume the office in an acting capacity.
Amendments to the World Assembly Act (2017)

AWA01.
Sections (2) and (2a) of the World Assembly Act (2017) shall be replaced with the following:

(2) The President shall nominate an individual to the Office of the World Assembly Delegate whenever that office is vacant. Nominees under this section shall require Senate confirmation with a greater than 2/3rd's majority in order to take office.

(2a) Once confirmed by the Senate, the World Assembly Delegate shall serve indefinitely, subject to Senate reconfirmation every 180 days on the motion of the President. The President may choose to nominate another individual to the office instead of seeking reconfirmation of the incumbent World Assembly Delegate, upon which the previous World Assembly Delegate shall cease to be in office.
AWA02. Section (4) of the World Assembly Act (2017) shall be replaced with the following:

(4) The Office of the World Assembly Delegate shall be declared vacant if any of the following occurs:

1. The incumbent resigns.
2. The incumbent is not a citizen.
3. The designated Delegate Nation of the incumbent does not reside in Europeia.
4. The designated Delegate Nation of the incumbent is not a member of the World Assembly.
5. The incumbent has been inactive in completing their duties as World Assembly Delegate for a period of time longer than 14 days, without lodging a formal leave of absence.
6. The incumbent is removed from office by a request to such effect that is initiated by the President or a Senator and achieves two-thirds absolute majority support in the Senate.
7. The Senate declines to reconfirm the incumbent delegate.
AWA03. Section (7) of the World Assembly Act (2017) shall be replaced with the following:

(7) The Office of the Deputy Delegate shall be deemed vacant if any of the following occurs:
1. The incumbent resigns.
2. The incumbent is not a citizen.
3. The designated Deputy Delegate Nation of the incumbent does not reside in Europeia.
4. The designated Deputy Delegate Nation of the incumbent is not a member of the World Assembly.
5. The incumbent is removed from office by either the World Assembly Delegate or the President.
AWA04. Sections (11) through (13) of the World Assembly Act (2017) shall be replaced with the following:

(11) The President and their deputies shall be responsible for the formulation and execution of policies relating to World Assembly affairs, included but not limited to compilation and distribution of information, development of educational material, organization and training of personnel, and diplomatic obligations.

(12) The World Assembly Delegate shall exercise the Designated Nation’s vote on World Assembly resolutions to reflect the directive of the President or a designated deputy, or if there is no such directive, to reflect the views of the Europeian citizenry as made known to the Delegate.

(13) Should anyone other than the Deputy Delegate or Delegate hold the gameside Delegate Nation, they are required to: (a) not exercise the Delegate Nation's vote on World Assembly resolutions in contradiction to the provisions of this Act for the World Assembly Delegate, and (b) not exercise any gameside powers other than voting on resolutions that are specific to the Delegate Nation except as directed by the President or a Supreme Chancellor.
Repeal and Replace of the Diplomatic Immunity Act (2017)

RRD01.
The Diplomatic Immunity Act (2017) is repealed in its entirety:

RRD02. The following is enacted:
Diplomatic Immunity Act (2020)
An Act to detail the protections and procedures related to foreign nationals and related provisions.

Short Title

ST01. This Act may be cited as the Diplomatic Immunity Act (2020).

Diplomatic Immunity
DI01. No dignitary who is present in Europeia to represent a foreign government shall be detained, subpoenaed as a witness, or prosecuted while they are in Europeia.

DI02. The President may extend Diplomatic Immunity to any person in Europeia on diplomatic affairs.

Declaration of Persona Non Grata
DP01. Any foreign national may be declared persona non grata by the President.

DP02. Foreign nationals who have been declared personae non gratae shall be removed from all areas of Europeia, have their diplomatic masking revoked, and not be permitted to re-enter Europeia, excepting those areas needed to redress their status.

DP03. Declarations of persona non grata may be reviewed or rescinded by the President.

Exception for Citizens
EC01. Citizens only enjoy diplomatic immunity for actions taken representing the foreign government. Should it be unclear whether an action was taken thusly it shall be assumed that the Citizen did not act as such.

EC02. Citizens may not be declared persona non grata, however, the President may revoke a citizen's diplomatic status through a public declaration.
Amendments to the Executive Order Protocol Act (2020)

AEO01.
Section VEO04. of the Executive Order Protocol Act shall be replaced with the following:
VEO04. No Executive Order may concern a subject matter for which an Executive Order by the same ordering President has been vetoed unless specifically allowed for in the vetoing motion by the Senate.
Amendments to the Referenda Act (2015)

ARA01.
Section (8) of the Referenda Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(8) The amount of support necessary for a petition to trigger a referendum is calculated through the last Presidential election before the petition was presented.
Amendments to the Organisations Act (2017)

AOA01.
Section NO 03. of the Organisations Act (2017) shall be replaced with the following:
NO 03. In order to receive the legal benefits of a News Organisation it must be registered with the President or a their designee.
Amendments to the Senate Protocol Act (2015)

ASP01.
Section (3) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(3) On submission of a request to ratify a Presidential decision to enter, leave, or amend an interregional agreement, a First Reading shall commence.
ASP02. Section (8) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(8) In circumstances where the President deems that an urgent decision is required with regards to leaving an alliance, treaty or other interregional agreement, such a proposal shall be immediately considered with no time constraints.
ASP03. Section (14) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(14) Bills in the Voting Period may be forwarded to the President for a signature or veto as soon as a definite outcome is achieved.
ASP04. Section (25) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(25) Should no Candidate receive the amount of votes required to assume the Office of the Speaker, a further Nomination Period shall be initiated for a minimum of 24 hours. Following the additional Nomination Period another vote shall commence in which every sitting Senator may again vote for their preferred Candidate. Should no candidate receive the required majority to assume the Office of the Speaker on the second ballot the President shall have one vote.
ASP05. Section (31) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(31) The Speaker of the Senate shall be required to forward any Senate legislation that passes to the President for signature, veto, or reservation for referendum.
ASP06. Sections (44) and (45) of the Senate Protocol Act (2015) shall be amended to read the following:
(44) General permission to speak in the main Senate forum shall be restricted to only those individuals listed below.

a. current Senators;
b. the President;
c. the Supreme Chancellors.

(45) Invitations may be issued to permit additional individuals to speak in the main Senate forum; however, such invitations shall be subject to revocation by the Speaker of the Senate, at their discretion, and speaking privileges granted thereof shall be limited to the specific matters pertaining to the invitation.

a. The primary author of legislation that has been presented to the Senate via a formal Petition by the People shall have a standing invitation to speak in the Senate when discussing that legislation;
b. Cabinet members shall have a standing invitation to speak in the Senate when discussing matters concerning their position;
c. the Vice President shall have a standing invitation to speak in the Senate when discussing matters concerning their position or concerning a Cabinet matter.
d. The World Assembly Delegate shall have a standing invitation to speak in the Senate when discussing matters concerning the World Assembly and Europeia's representation therein; and
e. Individual Senators shall be permitted to invite additional individuals to speak in the main Senate forum at their discretion.
Amendments to the Emergency Powers Act (2014)

AEP01.
Section (2) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(2) For the purposes of this Act, the following definitions shall apply:

a. Inactivity shall be defined as not logging into the forum of Europeia for a period of ten or more days.

b. Executive shall be defined as the President and the Cabinet.
AEP02. Section (7) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(7) Upon cessation of a regional emergency for inactivity, all laws in effect prior to the regional emergency shall resume in effect, and Presidential and Senate by-elections shall be held.
AEP03. Section (8) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(8) Should the forum be destroyed, damaged beyond utility, or rendered inaccessible, the President shall be empowered to declare a regional emergency for forum inaccessibility on the Regional Message Board of Europeia.
AEP04. Section (10) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(10) The President shall provide for continued regional governance through the Regional Message Board or, should restoration of permanent forum accessibility exceed a 48 hour period, by creating a temporary forum at their discretion.
AEP05. Section (13) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(13) Should the Attorney General and the High Court have reasonable suspicion that a Supreme Chancellor is complicit in a malicious action that rendered the forum inaccessible, responsibility for restoration of permanent forum accessibility shall fall to any remaining Supreme Chancellor who is not reasonably suspected of such complicity by the Attorney General and the High Court, or to the President in the absence of any remaining Supreme Chancellor.
AEP06. Section (14) of the Emergency Powers Act (2014) shall be replaced with the following:
(14) Should the Attorney General and the High Court have reasonable suspicion that the President is complicit in a malicious action that rendered the forum inaccessible, the next official in the Line of Succession who is not reasonably suspected of such complicity by the Attorney General and the High Court shall be vested with the powers granted to the President by this Act for a regional emergency for forum inaccessibility.
Amendments to the Elections Act (2015)

AEA01.
Section (10) of the Elections Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(10) (a) General Elections shall occur approximately seventy days after the conclusion of the preceding General Election.

(b) Presidential elections shall occur approximately thirty-five days after the conclusion of the most recent General Election.

(c) In the case of a Presidential or whole Senate recall and extraordinary election, the subsequently elected President or Senate shall serve until the next Presidential or General election, respectively.
AEA02. Section (11) of the Elections Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(11) Standing periods for Presidential Elections shall be opened between eight and twelve days prior to the scheduled end of the current Presidential term, and shall be no longer than twelve days in length.
AEA03. Section (14) of the Elections Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(14) Voting for Presidential Elections, General Elections, and By-Elections shall occur immediately following the closure of the relevant standing period, and shall last for twenty-four hours. Administration of voting periods shall adhere to this timing within practical reason but must not allow a period less than twenty-four hours.
AEA04. Section (17) (f) of the Elections Act (2015) shall be repealed.

AEA05. Section (19) (C) of the Elections Act (2015) shall be replaced with the following:
(C) If any seats remain unfilled, standing shall reopen and a Presidential or By-Election shall be held for the remaining seats.
Amendments to the Judicature Act (2020)

AJA01.
Section CO5. of the Judicature Act (2020) shall be replaced with the following:
CO5. The Chief Justice may ask for a temporary Justice to be appointed for a specific trial. The temporary Justice must be nominated by the President and confirmed by a greater than 2/3rd's majority of the Senate.
AJA02. Section GM02. of the Judicature Act (2020) shall be repealed.

AJA03. Section GM03. of the Judicature Act (2020) shall be renamed GM02.

Amendments to Constitution VI (2019)

ACO01.
The sections titled "THE CHIEF OF STATE" and "THE FIRST MINISTER" shall be replaced with the following:
THE PRESIDENT
Establishes the Offices of the President and Vice President

EA2. (1) To ensure the practicality of government, there shall be a President of Europeia, elected together on the same ticket with the Vice President directly by the people, to execute the Government on the People's behalf until expiration of a term of not more than 70 days, or until a successor is duly elected, whichever occurs later, or until their earlier resignation or removal.

Vice President succeeds in the absence of the President

EA2. (2) In the case of the absence or other inability of the incumbent to discharge the Office of the President, the Vice President shall act as President until such time as this circumstance is lifted. The exact procedure and means of when the Vice President may assume this acting role may be prescribed by law.

EA2. (3) In the case of the vacancy of the Office of the President for reasons other than expiration of term, the Office of the President shall devolve upon the Vice President, who shall serve as President for the remainder of the term. The People may by law provide for the case of the concurrent vacancy of both the Office of the President and Office of the Vice President for reasons other than expiration of term, declaring what Officer shall assume the Office of the President and hold the People's mandate until the next election for President.

Vacancy of the Vice President

EA2. (4) In the case of the vacancy of the Office of the Vice President for reasons other than expiration of term, the President shall nominate a successor who shall take Office upon the approval of of the Senate with a greater than 2/3rd's majority.

Removal of the President

EA2. (5) It shall be lawful for the People to reserve for referendum the question of confidence in the President to execute Government on the People's behalf by presenting a petition with the support of a number of citizens of Europeia numbering no less than a fifth the number of votes in the last Presidential election rounded down to the nearest integer. If such a referendum shows a majority of the People do not have confidence in the President; the President, Vice President, and the Cabinet shall be dismissed, and a new President shall be elected directly by the people.
AC002. The section titled "THE GOVERNMENT" in Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
THE GOVERNMENT
Appointment of Executive Deputies

EA3. (1) It shall be lawful for the President, with due discretion, to appoint any person or persons to be their deputy or deputies, and in that capacity to exercise during their pleasure such powers, authorities and functions as they deem it necessary or expedient to delegate to them, subject to any limitations expressed by law; but the appointment of such a deputy or deputies shall not affect the exercise by the principal holder of any power, function or authority.

Structure of the Cabinet

EA3. (2) In the execution of Government on the People's behalf, the President shall have specific authority and responsibility to appoint citizens as Ministers to a Cabinet and to oversee that Cabinet such as to maintain the effective function of Government. The People may by law provide further requirements and structure for the Cabinet.

EA3. (3) Upon assuming office, the elected Vice President must be nominated to serve in the Cabinet. If confirmation is rejected by the Senate, the requirement that the Vice President serve as a Minister shall be waived.

EA3. (4) Following the conclusion of the Presidential election, the President and Vice President, in agreement, shall declare portfolios of management, containing sets of ministries that each shall be responsible for overseeing during the term. Notwithstanding the portfolios of management declared, the President shall maintain ultimate authority over all ministries.

Commander-in-Chief of the Navy

EA4. The Commander-in-Chief of the Europeian Republican Navy, and any other military force which may be established by the Government of Europeia, is hereby declared to be vested in the Office of the President.
ACO03: Section EA7. (1) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
EA7. (1) It shall be lawful for the People to reserve for referendum the question of confidence in an incumbent to execute the Office of the Supreme Chancellor, by presenting a petition with the support of a number of citizens of Europeia numbering no less than a third the number of votes in the last Presidential election rounded down to the nearest integer. Such a referendum must receive a 4/5 supermajority to force removal.
ACO04: Section LA2. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA2. The President is not permitted to sit or vote as a member of the Senate.
ACO05: Section LA3. (1) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA3. (1) The Senate shall be elected in general elections every 70 days. Specifics and procedures shall be established in a separate Act.
ACO06: Section LA7. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA7. In order for any appointed person or persons to serve on the Cabinet or High Court of Europeia, the approval of the Senate with a greater than 2/3rd's majority is required.
ACO07: Section LA9. (1) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA9. (1) The Senate shall have power to remove from office the President, Vice President, or any of their appointed deputies by a resolution to such effect achieving two-thirds absolute majority support.
ACO08: Section LA10. (2) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA10. (2) It shall be lawful for the People to reserve for referendum the question of the recall of one or more elected Senators, or the dissolution of the Senate and requirement that a new Senate be elected, by presenting a petition with the support of a number of citizens of Europeia numbering no less than a fifth the number of votes in the last Presidential election rounded down to the nearest integer.
ACO09: Section LA13. (1) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA13. (1) The President may enact such Executive Orders bearing the force of law as are necessary for the peace, order and good government of Europeia.
ACO10: Section LA14. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA14. (1) Where a bill passed by the Senate is presented to the President for the People's Assent, they shall declare, according to their discretion, either that they assent thereto, or that they withhold the People's Assent, or that they reserve the bill for the signification of the People's Assent in the form of referendum.

LA14. (2) It shall be lawful for the People to reserve their Assent by referendum on any bill having passed the Senate by presenting a petition to the President, within 7 days of having passed the Senate, with the support of a number of citizens of Europeia numbering no less than a fifth the number of votes in the last Presidential election rounded down to the nearest integer.

LA14. (3) Where the President has withheld the People's Assent to a bill, the Speaker of the Senate may, within 14 days, put the question of the People's Assent for that bill to the People through a referendum.
ACO11: Section LA15. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
LA15. Any bill passed by the Senate to which the President has not explicitly assented, withheld their assent, or reserved for the signification of the People's pleasure within seven days shall be enacted in the same manner as if the President had explicitly assented to it.
ACO12: Section JA1. (2) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
JA1. (2) Neither the President nor the Vice President are permitted to sit in any capacity on the High Court of Europeia.
ACO13: Section JA3. (1) and JA3. (2) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
JA3. (1) There shall be four Justices appointed by the President to serve on the High Court, who shall hold office in good behaviour for a term not exceeding one hundred and twenty days.
ACO14: Sections JA3. (3) and JA3. (4) of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
JA3. (2) When a vacancy arises in the High Court, the President shall nominate a citizen to serve in the relevant position, who must be approved by the Senate in order to serve as a Justice.
ACO15: Section SA1. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
SA1. The Constitutional Documents of Europeia shall be composed of this Act and any other Act so declared by a two-thirds absolute majority of the Senate and given the assent of the President on the People's behalf.
ACO16: Section SA4. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
SA4. Amendments to the Constitutional Documents of Europeia may only be passed with a two-thirds absolute majority of the Senate and the assent of the President on behalf of the people.
ACO17: Section SA5. of Constitution VI (2019) shall be replaced with the following:
SA5. It shall be lawful for the President to reserve the amendment for the signification of the People's Assent in the form of referendum. In order for the Amendment to pass the referendum, it must achieve greater than 3/5th's support.

SA6. It shall be lawful for the People to reserve their Assent by referendum on any constitutional amendment having passed the Senate by presenting a petition to the President, within 14 days of having passed the Senate, with the support of a number of citizens of Europeia numbering no less than a fifth the number of votes in the last Presidential election rounded down to the nearest integer. In order for the amendment to pass the referendum, it must receive greater than 3/5th's support.




Legislative History


This Act became Law on 13th June 2020 .
2 Executive Modernization Omnibus Amendment (2020).
 
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